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J Biol Chem. 1985 Jul 25;260(15):8690-3.

Amino acid sequence of the Anthopleura xanthogrammica heart stimulant, anthopleurin-B.


Anthopleurin-B, the most potent peptide heart stimulant from the sea anemone Anthopleura xanthogrammica, was shown to exist as a single polypeptide chain consisting of 49 amino acid residues. The sequence of the peptide was shown to be: Gly-Val-Pro-Cys-Leu-Cys-Asp-Ser-Asp-Gly- Pro-Arg-Pro-Arg-Gly-Asn-Thr-Leu-Ser-Gly-Ile-Leu-Trp-Phe-Tyr-Pro-Ser- Gly-Cys-Pro-Ser-Gly-Trp-His-Asn-Cys-Lys-Ala-His-Gly-Pro-Asn-Ile-Gly- Trp-Cys-Cys-Lys-Lys. The carboxymethylcysteine derivative, tryptic and chymotryptic peptides (obtained from the derivative and separated by high performance liquid chromatography) were sequenced by manual Edman degradation. Although six carboxymethylcysteine residues were formed by reduction and alkylation of the polypeptide, no cysteine residues were detectable in the native protein, indicating that there are three cystine residues in anthopleurin-B. The amino acid sequence differs in 7 places from anthopleurin-A: at residues 3 (Pro for Ser), 12 (Arg for Ser), 13 (Pro for Val), 21 (Ile for Thr), 24 (Phe for Leu), 42 (Asn for Thr), and 49 (Lys for Gln). These differences are important since anthopleurin-B is about a 12.5-fold better heart stimulant than anthopleurin-A from A. xanthogrammica, anthopleurin-C from Anthopleura elegantissima, and toxin II from Anemonia sulcata.

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