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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1985 Jul 25;817(2):327-32.

Na+-dependent alkaline earth metal uptake in cardiac sarcolemmal vesicles.


The ability of alkaline earth metals (M2+) to substitute for Ca2+ in Na+-Ca2+ exchange was examined in sarcolemmal vesicles isolated from the canine heart. 85Sr2+ and 133Ba2+, in addition to 45Ca2+, were used to determine the characteristics of Na+-M2+ exchange. The Na+i-dependent M2+ uptake was measured as a function of time, with t ranging from 0.5 to 360 s, [Na+]i = 140 mM and [M2+]o = 40 microM. This function was linear for Ca2+ and Sr2+ uptake for approx. 6 s and for Ba2+ for about 60 s. Plateau levels were achieved within 120 s for Ca2+ and Sr2+ but Ba2+ took considerably longer. The Km values for Na+-M2+ exchange, derived from Eadie-Hofstee plots, were 30, 58, and 73 microM for Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+, respectively. The Na+i-dependent uptake of all three ions was stimulated in the presence of 0.36 microM valinomycin. Na+-Ca2+ exchange was also measured in the presence of either 20 microM Sr2+ or 100 microM Ba2+. Both of these ions behaved (at these concentrations) as competitive inhibitors of Na+-Ca2+ exchange with the KI being 32 microM for Sr2+ and 92 microM for Ba2+. Passive efflux was determined by first allowing Na+-M2+ exchange to continue to plateau values and then diluting the loaded vesicles in the presence of EGTA. The rate constants for the passive efflux were 8.4, 6.3 and 4.4 min-1 for Ca2+, Sr2+ and Ba2+, respectively.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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