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Ann Surg. 1985 Aug;202(2):253-61.

Neurogenic hypertension: etiology and surgical treatment. II. Observations in an experimental nonhuman primate model.


In a companion paper (Ann Surg 1985; 201(3):391-398), clinical data which suggest that neurogenic hypertension may be caused by arterial compression of the left medulla oblongata was presented. A chronic pathophysiologic animal model of neurogenic hypertension using a substitute for arterial pulsation, the neurovascular compression simulator (NCS), was developed. This paper presents data that demonstrate how development of hypertension in a nonhuman primate baboon (5 subject animals, 5 control animals) can be caused by the NCS, and the blood pressure can subsequently return to normal following cessation of NCS activity. These experiments show that pulsatile compression of the left ventrolateral medulla oblongata results in cardiovascular changes consistent with the sequence found in human neurogenic hypertension. Arteriosclerosis and arterial ectasia in the human contribute to arterial elongation and looping at the base of the brain. An arterial loop, by causing pulsatile compression of neural structures, elicits an increase in blood pressure initiated by an increase in cardiac output. This may be due to interference with the autonomic control of the heart and/or by alteration of the relative capacitance of the vascular system.

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