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Am J Vet Res. 1985 Apr;46(4):870-4.

Intracellular locations of dermonecrotic toxins in Pasteurella multocida and in Bordetella bronchiseptica.


Location of dermonecrotic toxin (DNT) in the cells of Pasteurella multocida or Bordetella bronchiseptica was investigated. After cell lysis by various procedures, various fractions prepared from bacterial cells grown in liquid culture media were assayed for dermonecrotic activity by skin testing of guinea pigs. During the death phase of the growth tested for the 2 bacterial species, little cell-free DNT was detected in the culture supernatants. Throughout the log and stationary phases of the growth, DNT activity was cell associated, but was not seen in the culture supernatants, which indicated that DNT was not secreted by actively growing P multocida or B bronchiseptica cells. Little DNT was released by subjecting whole cells to osmotic shock, a common procedure that releases proteins from the periplasmic space of many gram-negative bacteria. After sonication and centrifugation of whole cells, a substantial amount of DNT was released; results were similar when spheroplasts were used instead of whole cells. Treatment of whole cells with trypsin did not decrease the DNT activity, but trypsin treatment of sonicated cells resulted in a significant decrease in the DNT activity (P less than 0.01). The results indicated an intracellular location of the DNT of P multocida or B bronchiseptica. The DNT of P multocida or of B bronchiseptica is probably located in the cytoplasmic space.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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