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Am J Epidemiol. 1985 Feb;121(2):206-15.

Identifying patients at high risk of surgical wound infection. A simple multivariate index of patient susceptibility and wound contamination.

Abstract

To predict the likelihood that a patient will develop a surgical wound infection from several risk factors, the authors used information collected on 58,498 patients undergoing operations in 1970 to develop a simple multivariate risk index. Analyzing 10 risk factors with stepwise multiple logistic regression techniques, they developed a model combining information on four of the risk factors to predict a patient's probability of getting a surgical wound infection. Then, with information collected on another sample of 59,352 surgical patients admitted in 1975-1976, the validity of this index as a predictor of surgical wound infection risk was verified. With the simplified index, a subgroup, consisting of half the surgical patients, can be identified in whom 90% of the surgical wound infections will develop. By the inclusion of factors measuring the risk due to the patient's susceptibility as well as that due to the level of wound contamination, the simplified index predicts surgical wound infection risk about twice as well as the traditional classification of wound contamination (Goodman-Kruskal G = 0.67 vs. 0.36, p less than 0.0001). Use of this new index might substantially increase the efficiency of routine surgical wound infection surveillance and control.

PMID:
4014116
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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