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Tissue Cell. 1985;17(1):79-96.

Ultrastructural changes during recovery from anabiosis in the plant parasitic nematode, Ditylenchus.


Ultrastructural changes after desiccation and rehydration of the anabiotic fourth-stage juveniles of the plant parasitic nematode Ditylenchus dipsaci (Kuhn) Filipjev are described and quantified. Anabiotic juveniles retain their structural integrity, although the cuticle decreases in thickness and the muscle cell sarcoplasm condenses. In contrast the structure of the non-anabiotic nematode Panagrellus silusae is completely disorganized by desiccation. Following rehydration of D. dipsaci there is a lag phase of 2-3 hr before the nematodes become active. During this period the juveniles undergo an ordered series of morphological changes. The lipid droplets within the intestinal cells coalesce and the cuticle increases in thickness. The muscle cell sarcoplasm expands, the spacing of the thick myofilaments increases and the mitochondria swell before recovering a more normal appearance. These morphological changes, together with earlier metabolic studies, indicate that repair occurs during the lag phase prior to recovery. This may involve membrane repair and the re-establishment of the ionic gradients essential for normal muscle and nerve function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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