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Genetics. 1985 May;110(1):73-92.

Genotypes suppressing meiotic drive of a B chromosome in the mealybug, Pseudococcus obscurus.

Abstract

The rate of transmission (k) of a supernumerary B chromosome in male mealybugs is shown to depend strongly on the chromosome set of maternal origin. When both parents came from an isofemale line in which the frequency of the B chromosome increased rapidly and stabilized at a mean of more than 4.0 B chromosomes per individual, k was 0.92 and 0.95 in two series of crosses. However, when the female parent came from one of two isofemale lines in which the frequency of the B chromosome decreased from 2.0 to 0 in a few generations, k ranged from 0.53 to 0.78. The high ks, which represent a strong meiotic drive, are apparently responsible for the observed increase in the frequency of the B chromosome in several lines from a mean of about 0.5 to more than 4.0 in about 20 generations. The rapid loss of the B chromosome in other lines is attributed to genetic factors which caused the reduction in the rate of transmission of the B chromosome.

PMID:
3996897
PMCID:
PMC1202555
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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