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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1985 May 29;840(1):1-5.

Simultaneous preparation of the three biotin-containing mitochondrial carboxylases from rat liver.


Affinity chromatography on avidin-Sepharose column was used to bind the biotin-containing carboxylases from rat liver. With a biotin gradient (0-0.3 mM), peaks of activity of pyruvate, propionly CoA and beta-methylcrotonyl CoA carboxylases co-eluted. Subsequent separation of the three carboxylases was attained using DEAE-Sepharose chromatography. Sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis showed each of the enzymes to be pure, with pyruvate carboxylase giving a single subunit band (Mr 130 000), propionyl-CoA carboxylase giving two bands (Mr 73 000 and 56 500) and beta-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase giving two bands (Mr 75 000 and 60 000). The specific activity of propionyl-CoA carboxylase (15.8 munits/mg) and beta-methylcrotonyl-CoA carboxylase (24.2 munits/mg) were comparable with reported activities for these purified enzymes, while that of pyruvate carboxylase (1.25 munits/mg) was low. This is a suitable method for the simultaneous preparation of purified carboxylases for the specific purpose of raising antisera to these enzymes.

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