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Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1985 Apr;55(2):237-251. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-0025.1985.tb03438.x.

Child-rearing patterns in depressed, abusive, and normal mothers.

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National Institute of Mental Health.


Child-rearing patterns in relation to discipline, emotion regulation, separation-individuation, and level of aspiration differentiated depressed, abusive, and normal mothers. Depressed and abusive mothers both expressed inconsistency, hostility, and protectiveness. Both groups used anxiety and guilt inducing methods but only abusive mothers used them in conjunction with harsh authoritarian practices.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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