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Z Parasitenkd. 1985;71(2):159-68.

Depletion of secondary lysosomes in mouse macrophages infected with Leishmania mexicana amazonensis: a cytochemical study.


Leishmania amastigotes lodge and multiply within parasitophorous vacuoles, which can fuse with secondary lysosomes of the host macrophages. This study examines the effect of infection with amastigotes of L. mexicana amazonensis on the secondary lysosomes of mouse macrophage cultures. The cultures were stained for the activities of two lysosomal enzyme markers, acid phosphatase and arylsulfatase, and the light microscopic observations were supplemented by electron microscopy. Nearly all noninfected macrophages contained numerous stained secondary lysosomes. The number of such lysosomes was markedly reduced 24 h postinfection, and the reduction persisted for at least 10 days. Stained secondary lysosomes reappeared after the amastigotes were destroyed by exposure of the cultures to phenazine methosulfate or by placing them at 37.5 degrees C. The depletion of lysosomes shown by cytochemical methods may reflect a high rate of fusion of the lysosomes with the parasitophorous vacuoles, exceeding the rate of formation of new secondary lysosomes. Alternatively, the parasites may inhibit the synthesis of lysosomal hydrolases, or the assembly or formation of primary or secondary lysosomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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