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Eur Arch Psychiatry Neurol Sci. 1985;234(5):299-302.

The diagnostic value in assessing mood congruence in delusions and hallucinations and their relationship to the affective state.


An examination was carried out on 140 schizophrenics, 34 schizoaffective manics, 6 schizoaffective depressives, 59 unipolars, and 30 bipolars to determine the variables of affective states and mood-congruent and mood-incongruent psychotic symptoms. These patients had been admitted to a hospital in Z├╝rich and were systematically diagnosed, using both clinical and computer-derived systems. Forty-eight patients (18%) had both mood-congruent and incongruent psychotic symptoms. However, the affective disorders usually showed mood-congruent symptoms and the schizophrenics the mood-incongruent types. The schizoaffectives were likely to show both types. There was a marked dissociation between affective states and mood congruence in the schizophrenics. Though the majority of these patients showed depressive syndromes, they were quite unlikely to have mood-congruent symptoms. Likewise, 25% of the schizophrenics had manic-like syndromes, which contrasted with the fact that they rarely had mood-congruent psychotic delusions and hallucinations.

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