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Pediatrics. 1985 Apr;75(4):703-8.

Auditory nerve and brainstem responses in newborn infants with hyperbilirubinemia.

Abstract

To assess early bilirubin toxicity, a study was made of auditory brainstem responses in relation to total bilirubin levels as well as unbound bilirubin levels in 56 hyperbilirubinemic infants (total bilirubin greater than or equal to 15.0 mg/dL) and 24 infants who did not have jaundice. The latencies of wave I at 85 dB HL (hearing level) in hyperbilirubinemic infants were significantly greater than those in the control group. The latencies of wave I and V in hyperbilirubinemic infants with unbound bilirubin levels greater than or equal to 1.0 microgram/dL (group C) were greater than those in the control group and in the hyperbilirubinemic infants with unbound bilirubin levels less than 0.5 microgram/dL (group A) and with unbound bilirubin levels less than 1.0 microgram/dL (group B). There were no significant differences of the wave I-V interpeak latency between the control infants and the hyperbilirubinemic infants. Thirty of the 80 infants showed prolonged peak latencies (greater than the mean +/- 2 SD for the control infants) of wave I and/or V in one or both ears. The incidences of the prolonged peak latencies in group B (42%) and group C (89%) were significantly greater than that in the control group (12%). The serial determinations of auditory brainstem responses in infants treated with exchange transfusions revealed that the prolonged peak latencies before exchange transfusion improved at 48 and 96 hours after the procedure for wave I, and at 24, 48, and 96 hours after the procedure for wave V. The interpeak latency of wave I-V did not change with exchange transfusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3982902
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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