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J Biomech. 1985;18(1):49-60.

Modulation of limb dynamics in the swing phase of locomotion.


A method was presented for quantifying cat (Felis catus) hind limb dynamics during swing phase of locomotion using a two-link rigid body model of leg and paw, which highlighted the dynamic interactions between segments. Comprehensive determination was made of cat segment parameters necessary for dynamic analysis, and regression equations were formulated to predict the inertial parameters of any comparable cat. Modulations in muscle and non-muscle components of knee and ankle joint moments were examined at two treadmill speeds using three gaits: (a) pace-like walk and trot-like walk, at 1.0 ms-1, and (b) gallop, at 2.1 ms-1. Results showed that muscle and segment interactive moments significantly effected limb trajectories during swing. Some moment components were greater in galloping than in walking, but net joint maxima were not significantly different between speeds. Moment magnitudes typically were greater for pace-like walking than for trot-like walking at the same speed. Generally, across gaits, the net and muscle moments were in phase with the direction of distal joint motion, and these same moments were out of phase with proximal joint motion. Intersegmental dynamics were not modulated exclusively by speed of locomotion, but interactive moments were also influenced significantly by gait mode.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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