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Biol Psychiatry. 1985 Mar;20(3):245-56.

Peptide-containing fractions in depression.


A mixture of peptides and glycoproteins has been found in benzoic acid-precipitable material from urines of psychomotorically agitated and retarded endogenous depressive patients. This complex mixture of compounds is fractionated on a Sephadex G-25 gel, from which the different peaks are further separated on Biogel P2. The G-25 elution profiles ultraviolet absorbance, 280 nm) from depressive patients deviated from the normal pattern. The increase in hydrolyzable ninhydrin-colorable material of the P2 fractionation step encountered in psychotic depression was several-fold that of the normal population. Neurochemically active peptide-containing fractions were found. As explanation of these findings, it is probable that a genetically determined peptidase insufficiency is present, causing a peptide overflow when the secretion outstrips the breakdown. This model could easily combine more psychodynamic models with the genetic-biological models. The variability of the peptide patterns could possibly reflect the considerable clinical variability of the syndrome. Furthermore, the presence of a group of active compounds with different neuropharmacological activities might reflect the composite nature of the depressive syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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