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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1985 Feb 28;127(1):270-6.

Enhancement of intracellular glutathione protects endothelial cells against oxidant damage.


We studied the role of glutathione in the endothelial cell defense against H2O2 damage. Treatment of endothelial cells with buthionine sulfoximine, an irreversible inhibitor of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, depleted the cells of GSH, while L-2-oxothiazolidine-4-carboxylate, an effective intracellular cysteine delivery agent, markedly enhanced endothelial cell GSH concentration. Depletion of intracellular GSH sensitized the endothelial cells to injury by H2O2 either preformed or generated by the glucose-glucose oxidase system. In contrast, an increase of intracellular GSH protected the cells from H2O2 damage. There was an inverse, linear relationship between the intracellular GSH concentrations and killing of endothelial cells by H2O2. Our results suggest that enhancement of endothelial cell GSH may be an alternative approach toward the prevention of oxidant-induced endothelial damage such as adult respiratory distress syndrome.

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