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J Antibiot (Tokyo). 1985 Jan;38(1):9-16.

Metabolic products of microorganisms. 228. New nikkomycins produced by mutants of Streptomyces tendae.


Four new dipeptidyl nikkomycins of the Z- and the X-series with a variation in the amino acid moiety of the molecule were isolated from the mutant Streptomyces tendae 901/395 and characterized. Nikkomycins Kz and Kx contain 2-amino-4-hydroxy-4-(2-pyridyl)butyric acid, and nikkomycins Oz and Ox 2-amino-4-hydroxy-4-(5-hydroxy-2-pyridyl)butyric acid. In contrast to nikkomycins Z and X, nikkomycins Kx and Ox are quite stable at alkaline pH and exhibit a lower biological activity against various test organisms. From the mutant S. tendae 901/C37, which is auxotrophic for methionine and threonine, enhanced amounts of two tripeptidyl nikkomycins, Qz and Qx, were produced which are analogues of nikkomycins J and I and contain a homoserine residue instead of glutamic acid. These nikkomycins exhibit a high pH instability.

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