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Int J Cancer. 1985 Feb 15;35(2):275-80.

Neoplastic transformation of human diploid fibroblasts (KMST-6) by treatment with 60Co gamma rays.

Abstract

Normal fibroblasts (KMS-6) derived from a human embryo were transformed in culture into neoplastic cells (KMST-6) by repeated treatment with 60Co gamma ray irradiation. Repeated treatment was necessary to obtain transformation. Control normal cells exhibited normal karyotype (46, XX) and stopped dividing due to cellular ageing at the 40th passage. The transformed cells are presently growing indefinitely (140th passage) and exhibit prominent karyologic aberrations, both numerical and structural. These 2 characteristics, indefinite growth and abnormal karyotype, are thought to be the most important parameters for neoplastic transformation of human fibroblasts. Other indispensable parameters are the presence of active mitotic figures on confluent cell sheets and colony-type morphology. Transformed cells grow into colonies with relatively smooth edges, while normal fibroblasts form colonies with jagged edges, due to the protrusion of growing fibroblasts. Other parameters, such as elevated plating efficiency, enhanced colony formation in soft agar, low serum requirement for growth, high saturation density, and acquisition of transplantability, are not reliable in the early stages of transformation. These parameters probably appear at rather later stages of transformation following several cell divisions. Among other characteristics, the transformed KMST-6 cells exhibit a B-type isozyme pattern of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, lactate-dehydrogenase isozyme pattern of human origin, no evidence of viral infection and no production of C-type virus particles.

PMID:
3972471
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.2910350221
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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