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Exp Parasitol. 1985 Apr;59(2):161-8.

Leishmania major: excreted factor, calcium ions, and the survival of amastigotes.

Abstract

Mouse macrophages infected with amastigotes of Leishmania major contain about 40% more intracellular exchangeable calcium than control macrophages. Similar elevation of intracellular exchangeable calcium was observed in macrophages engulfing red blood cells coated with purified excreted factor from L. major. The rate of cytolysis of red blood cells coated with excreted factor was significantly lower than that of uncoated controls. Excreted factor strongly binds calcium; thus, the possible role of a microenvironment rich in calcium bound to excreted factor within the phagolysosome in protecting the amastigotes may be considered.

PMID:
3972056
DOI:
10.1016/0014-4894(85)90068-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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