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Eur J Biochem. 1985 Feb 1;146(3):533-8.

The activation of adenylate cyclase from small intestinal epithelium by cholera toxin.


ADP-ribosylation of membrane proteins from rabbit small intestinal epithelium was investigated following incubation of membranes with [32P]NAD and cholera toxin. Cholera toxin catalyzes incorporation of 32P into three proteins of 40 kDA, 45 kDa and 47 kDa located in the brush-border membrane. In contrast, basal lateral membranes do not contain any protein which becomes labeled in a toxin-dependent manner when incubated with cholera toxin and [32P]NAD. The modification of membrane proteins from brush border occurred in spite of the virtual absence in these membranes of adenylate cyclase activatable either by cholera toxin, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) or fluoride. The three agents activated adenylate cyclase when crude plasma membrane were used. Cholera toxin activated fivefold at 10 micrograms/ml. Vasoactive intestinal peptide activated at concentrations from 10-300 nM, the maximal stimulation being sixfold. Fluoride activated 10-fold at 10 mM. When basal lateral membranes were assayed for adenylate cyclase it was found that, with respect to the crude membranes, the specific activity of fluoride-activated enzyme was 3.3-fold higher, VIP stimulated enzyme was maintained while cholera-toxin-stimulated enzyme showed half specific activity. Moreover, while fluoride stimulated ninefold and VIP stimulated fivefold, cholera toxin only stimulated twofold at the highest concentration. The results suggest that the activation by cholera toxin of adenylate cyclase located at the basal lateral membrane requires ADPribosylation of proteins in the brush border membrane.

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