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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1985 Feb 15;237(1):88-100.

Metabolic pathways as enzyme complexes: evidence for the synthesis of phenylpropanoids and flavonoids on membrane associated enzyme complexes.


In earlier studies [G. Hrazdina, G. J. Wagner, and H. W. Siegelman (1978) Phytochemistry 17, 53-56; G. J. Wagner and G. Hrazdina (1984) Plant Physiol. 74, 901-906], evidence was obtained suggesting that the endoplasmic reticulum was a site for phenylpropanoid and flavonoid metabolism in petal tissue, and that (a) multienzyme complex(es) might be involved in this metabolism. Now, the possible role of membrane-bound multienzyme complexes in phenylpropanoid and flavonoid metabolism in three tissues has been investigated by (1) correlating enzyme induction kinetics and rates, (2) examining the molecular weight of putative complexes, (3) channeling of substrates, (4) determining the susceptibility of bound activities to trypsin digestion, and (5) investigating the structurally linked latency of bound activities. Results suggest that at least a part--and possibly the entire pathway--from phenylalanine to flavonoids is membrane (endoplasmic reticulum) associated, and that this metabolism is facilitated by a multienzyme complex. Phenylalanine ammonia lyase, the first enzyme of the biosynthetic sequence, and a flavonoid glucosyltransferase, the last, appear to be located in the lumen of the membranes. Cinnamate 4-hydroxylase is membrane embedded, while other enzyme activities appear to be weakly associated with the cytoplasmic face of endoplasmic reticulum membranes.

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