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Blood. 1985 Jan;65(1):169-75.

Macrophage factor X activator formation: metabolic requirements for synthesis of components.


The in vitro production of factor VII-like material and of tissue factor activity by murine thioglycollate exudate macrophages was measured by amidolytic assays. Tissue factor activity was inducible by endotoxin, and its induction was inhibited by 1 microgram/mL of actinomycin D, 10 micrograms/mL of cycloheximide, and 0.2 micrograms/mL of tunicamycin. Soluble factor VII-like material was secreted by macrophages into culture supernatants. The amount produced was not influenced by further activation of the cells by endotoxin, nor was its production inhibited significantly by 1 microgram/mL actinomycin D or 0.2 micrograms/mL tunicamycin. The production of the factor VII-like material was inhibited by 10 micrograms/mL of cycloheximide, and its appearance in culture supernatants was enhanced significantly by the addition of vitamin K1. When lysates of activated macrophages were suspended in ultracentrifuged culture supernatants, a particulate factor X activator was formed. Centrifugation at 100,000 g pelleted the factor X activator and left no factor VII-like material in the supernatant. The data indicate that thioglycollate-induced exudate macrophages make and excrete factor VII-like material, and this production is not modulated by further activation. However, activation of the macrophages induces tissue factor production. The factor X activator appears to result from the interaction and complexing of the soluble factor VII-like material and the membrane-bound tissue factor.

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