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J Neurochem. 1985 Jan;44(1):189-200.

Properties and partial purification of choline acetyltransferase from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.

Abstract

We have stabilized and studied choline acetyltransferase from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. The enzyme is soluble, and two discrete forms were resolved by gel filtration. The larger of these two forms (MW approximately 154,000) was somewhat unstable and in the presence of 0.5 M NaI was converted to a form indistinguishable from the "native" small form (MW approximately 71,000). We have purified the small form of the enzyme greater than 3,300-fold by a combination of gel filtration, ion-exchange chromatography, and nucleotide affinity chromatography. The purified preparation has a measured specific activity of 3.74 mumol/min/mg protein, and is free of acetylcholinesterase and acetyl-CoA hydrolase activities. The Vmax of the purified enzyme is stimulated by NaCl, with half-maximal stimulation at 80 mM NaCl. The Km for each substrate is also affected by salt, but in different manners from each other and the Vmax; the kinetic parameter Vmax/Km thus changes significantly as a function of the salt concentration.

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