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Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1986 Apr;93(4):329-33.

Fluid therapy for induced labour under epidural analgesia: biochemical consequences for mother and infant.


Two types of fluid regimen were provided for patients having labour induced under epidural analgesia. Reasons for the infusion were to pre-load the circulation before the epidural, and subsequently to sustain maternal hydration. Both fluids were isotonic, one was predominantly saline based (Hartmann's solution) and the other contained both saline and dextrose. Blood glucose and serum sodium, lactate and beta-hydroxybutyrate were measured before the start of induction, at delivery and in the cord sample. Blood glucose and serum sodium were measured in the babies at 12 and 24 h of age. The dextrose-saline fluid caused small but significant changes in blood glucose and serum sodium which did not exceed the normal reference limits for either. The use of Hartmann's solution was associated with considerable rises in maternal serum beta-hydroxybutyrate at delivery. Neither fluid had any significant effect on the blood glucose or serum sodium in infants at 12 and 24 h of age.

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