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Am J Vet Res. 1986 Apr;47(4):730-7.

Pasteurella multocida isolated from rabbits and swine: serologic types and toxin production.


Pasteurella multocida isolates from rabbits and swine of different geographic origins were serologically grouped and typed. Similar capsule serogroups and somatic serotypes were common to both species. Selected serotypes of both serogroups A and D were tested for toxin production. Toxin-producing isolates from both rabbits and swine were found in serogroup D, but not serogroup A. A correlation was not found between somatic serotype and the capability of an isolate to produce toxin. Noncapsulated variants derived from parent capsulated toxin-producing isolates also produced toxin. The capability of an isolate to produce a toxin did not necessarily make it virulent. The toxins from rabbit and swine P multocida of different geographic origins were antigenically similar. Cell lysis was compared with sonication as a method to release cell-associated toxin for biochemical purification. The toxin was purified from lysates by ammonium sulfate precipitation, followed by ion exchange and gel-filtration chromatographic procedures. The purified toxin had a molecular weight of 112,000 to 158,000 and an apparent isoelectric point of 4.65 to 4.8. The toxin precipitated at pH near its isoelectric point. Electrofocusing-electrophoresis titration curves of the purified toxin preparation showed it consisted of 2 similar proteins which varied in their capabilities to stain with Coomassie brilliant blue. The proteins precipitated together near their apparent isoelectric point and interacted at pH 9.7.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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