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Am J Physiol. 1986 Apr;250(4 Pt 1):G412-9.

Intestinal calcium transport in the spontaneously hypertensive rat: response to calcium depletion.


We previously found intestinal Ca2+ transport to be lower in the spontaneously hypertensive (SH) as compared with the Wistar-Kyoto control (WKY) rat. These animals were fed a relatively high (1%) Ca2+ diet, and the concentration of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol [1 alpha,25(OH)2D3] in serum was the same in both groups. In the present experiment we tested the possibility that the lower Ca2+ transport in the SH rat was the result of unresponsiveness to 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3. We fed diets high and low in Ca2+ and measured serum 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 and Ca2+ transport. Serum 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 increased in response to Ca2+ depletion at both 5 and 12 wk in both the WKY and SH rat. With high-Ca2+ diet, Ca2+ transport was lower in SH than in WKY when studied 1) in vitro in duodenum at 5 wk of age, and 2) in vivo in proximal and distal small intestine at 12 wk of age. Ca2+ transport increased in SH in response to Ca2+ depletion, but not in WKY, except in distal small intestine in vivo at 12 wk. In summary, although Ca2+ transport is lower in the SH as compared with the WKY rat when vitamin D activity is basal through feeding a high-Ca2+ diet, Ca2+ transport increases in the SH rat in response to the increase in 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3 produced by feeding a low-Ca2+ diet. We conclude that 1) the vitamin D-regulated component of mediated Ca2+ transport is intact in the SH rat and is unrelated to hypertension, and 2) mediated Ca2+ transport under basal conditions, i.e., nonvitamin D-regulated, differs in the SH and WKY rats and may be related to hypertension.

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