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Am J Phys Med. 1986 Apr;65(2):69-74.

Effect of ankle position on isometric quadriceps strengthening.


A prospective study of 20 normal subjects was undertaken to determine the effect of three ankle positions (active dorsiflexion, active plantar flexion, natural or rest position) on comfort and facilitation of quadriceps contraction in isometric strengthening in a supine position with the hip and knee fully extended. Surface EMG activity was found to be greatest for the vastus lateralis followed by the vastus medialis and least for the rectus femoris. Equal facilitation was apparent with either active ankle dorsiflexion or plantar flexion. Both were superior to the natural (rest) position. In situations where isometric quadriceps exercises are required, the authors recommend either active ankle dorsiflexion or plantar flexion to facilitate quadriceps strengthening. The choice between the two positions should be based on patient comfort.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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