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Nucleic Acids Res. 1986 Mar 25;14(6):2749-62.

In vitro deletion analysis of ARS elements spanning the replication origin in the 5' non-transcribed spacer of Tetrahymena thermophila ribosomal DNA.


Two adjacent but non-overlapping restriction fragments that encompass the replication origin of the macronuclear copy of rDNA from Tetrahymena thermophila allow autonomous replication of plasmids in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae; i.e. they function as autonomously replicating segments (ARS). Deletions generated in vitro into these fragments yield an 82 bp segment from each as the smallest sequence specifying ARS function. These 82 bp segments are at the 5' end of a 220 bp region of homology between the two original ARS restriction fragments. A 39 bp region of almost complete sequence identity between the two 82 bp fragments is suggested to be a core sequence element necessary for ARS function. This 39 bp sequence contains a region identical or nearly identical to the 11 bp yeast ARS consensus sequence (T/ATTTATPuTTTA/T) which is suggested to be essential for ARS function. Detailed comparisons of the 82 bp segments and of the 39 bp core with other ARS sequences reveal no extensive homologies aside from the consensus.

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