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J Comp Neurol. 1986 Feb 15;244(3):313-30.

Species differences in electric organs of mormyrids: substrates for species-typical electric organ discharge waveforms.

Abstract

The organization of electric organs is described for the mormyrid fishes from Africa. The electric organ's spike-generating cells or electrocytes are wafer-shaped cells with a special geometry that relates to the number of phases and polarity of their pulsatile electric organ discharge (EOD) waveform. Six "families" of electrocytes are recognized on the basis of cell geometry. Each family includes species with EODs of similar polarity and phase number. Despite such similarities, there are still dramatic species differences in EOD waveforms for a given family that may further depend on specialized features of the electrocyte's excitable membranes. It is each species' particular electrocyte "profile" that must underlie the development of species-specific and hormone-dependent sex differences in the EOD waveforms.

PMID:
3958230
DOI:
10.1002/cne.902440305
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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