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Am J Vet Res. 1986 Feb;47(2):356-8.

Hemostatic abnormalities in equine colic.


Hemostatic profiles were determined in 30 horses with clinical colic. Blood samples were obtained at the time of the animal's admission, and the following hemostatic tests were done: blood platelet count, plasma fibrinogen, plasma antithrombin, prothrombin time, partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, protamine sulfate test for soluble fibrin monomer, and fibrin-fibrinogen degradation products. The patients were categorized in retrospect, according to the cause of the colic: group 1--colic associated with colitis and/or severe diarrhea, group 2--colic associated with torsion or obstruction of the intestine, and group 3--colic associated with impaction of the intestine or the presence of enteroliths. Of the 30 horses with colic, 28 had at least 1 abnormality in their coagulogram--the most frequent abnormalities being high plasma fibrinogen concentration, high circulating soluble fibrin monomer, or a long partial thromboplastin time or thrombin time. The horses in group 1 seemed to have the most severe coagulopathies, as indicated by the average number of demonstrable abnormalities. The horses in group 3 showed the fewest abnormalities--usually a high plasma concentrations of fibrinogen and/or soluble fibrin monomer. The results indicated that hemostatic abnormalities are not uncommon in horses with gastrointestinal disease and colic--the degree of severity depending to some extent on the cause of the colic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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