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J Neurophysiol. 1986 Feb;55(2):256-71.

Hearing loss in Japanese macaques following bilateral auditory cortex lesions.

Abstract

The hearing ability of five Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) was assessed following two-stage bilateral auditory cortex lesions. The animals were tested using a shock-avoidance procedure with a conditioned-suppression procedure used for comparison in two cases. The animals initially were unable to respond to sound, and the first signs of hearing appeared as late as 13 wk after surgery. Hearing levels improved gradually over time, with maximal recovery reached at 24-35 wk after surgery. Recovery was most pronounced for low frequencies (63-250 Hz) and very high frequencies (32 kHz), which generally returned to normal or near-normal levels. However, the monkeys appeared to have suffered a permanent hearing loss throughout most of their hearing range, especially in the midfrequency range, where they are normally most sensitive. A review of the animal literature reveals little support for the previous view that bilateral auditory cortex lesions have little or no effect on absolute sensitivity in primates and carnivores. Most previous studies did not conduct detailed hearing tests, and those that did often noted a hearing loss. The hearing loss found in monkeys is similar to that noted in human cases following bilateral auditory cortex lesions. The current findings thus provide experimental verification of the clinical phenomenon of cortical deafness.

PMID:
3950690
DOI:
10.1152/jn.1986.55.2.256
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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