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Infect Immun. 1986 Mar;51(3):816-25.

Uveitis induction in the rabbit by muramyl dipeptides.

Abstract

Intraocular inflammation (uveitis) was produced in rabbits by intravenous or subcutaneous treatment with N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine and several of its synthetic analogs at doses of greater than or equal to 0.2 mg/kg in saline. A dose-dependent increase in permeability of the ocular blood-aqueous barrier as measured by leakage of protein or fluoresceinated dextran from the serum into the eye was observed from 2 to 14 h after glycopeptide treatment. Peak response occurred at approximately 3 h postdose. The lowest dose found to produce maximal vascular leakage for the most active glycopeptide analogs was 1 mg/kg. The adjuvant-inactive L-L stereoisomer of N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine was inactive, even at doses as high as 10 mg/kg. Analogs of N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanyl-D-isoglutamine which were homologous in the lactyl side chain were found to cause less uveitis. Chronic biweekly intravenous treatment of rabbits for 1 month with either N-acetyl-L-alpha-aminobutyryl-D-isoglutamine or its lipophilic 6-O-stearoyl derivative at 1 mg/kg, but not with murabutide, resulted in leukocytic inflammatory lesions unique to the uveal tract of the eye. The uveitis was potentially reversible and occurred with decreased severity as long as 2 months after cessation of chronic treatment. Vascular leakage but not cellular infiltrate in the choroid could be modulated by pharmacologic means. Pyrogenicity but not adjuvanticity correlated with ability of glycopeptides to induce vascular leakage. Several adjuvant-active muramyl dipeptide analogs with minimal ability to cause acute vascular leakage or chronic inflammation in the rabbit eye have been identified.

PMID:
3949381
PMCID:
PMC260971
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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