Send to

Choose Destination
Circ Shock. 1979;6(4):333-42.

Resistance of essential fatty acid-deficient rats to endotoxic shock.


The role of lipids in the altered energy metabolism of shock remains to be delineated fully. During the course of our studies of endotoxic shock, the susceptibility of essential fatty acid (EFA)-deficient rats to endotoxin was evaluated. Intravenous administration of S. Salmonella enteritidis endotoxin (1 mg/100 gm) in normal male Long-Evans rats (7--8 weeks old) produced severe shock with an 88% mortality. In marked contrast, injection of this dose of endotoxin in EFA-deficient rats of the same age resulted in only an 18% mortality. The deficient state afforded significant protection to even supralethal doses of endotoxin (2 mg/100 gm). Evaluation of reticuloendothelial (RE) phagocytic activity with colloidal carbon did not reveal significant differences in RE clearance rates. Within five hours after induction of shock, however, plasma acid hydrolase activity of shocked control rats was approximately double that of the EFA-deficient group. Likewise, the endotoxin induced hypoglycemic response was milder in the EFA-deficient rats. The lower plasma glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase activity and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase activity of the EFA-deficient group also indicated a maintenance of hepatic integrity. These observations suggest that essential fatty acids of their products (ie, prostaglandins) contribute to the pathogenesis of endotoxic shock.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center