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Carcinogenesis. 1986 Mar;7(3):357-60.

Inhibitory effect of alpha-tocopherol on the formation of nitrosomorpholine in mice treated with morpholine and exposed to nitrogen dioxide.

Abstract

The possibility that alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) inhibits the formation of nitrosomorpholine (NMOR) in vivo was investigated in mice orally pretreated with alpha-tocopherol (2.5-100 mg/kg body wt) once daily for 6 days. Twenty-four hours later, the animals were injected i.p. with 2 mg of morpholine (MOR) per animal followed by exposure to 47 p.p.m. of NO2 for 2 h. Under these conditions, low oral doses of alpha-tocopherol (2.5-5 mg/kg body wt) significantly decreased NMOR formation in vivo. As total body alpha-tocopherol levels increased, in vivo NMOR formation decreased, and a maximal 50-70% inhibition of NMOR formation occurred at alpha-tocopherol levels of 5 micrograms/g body wt. Additional results showed that NMOR was rapidly eliminated in mice, so that studies which measure the levels of NMOR found in animals treated with MOR and then exposed to NO2 may underestimate the amount of NMOR that is actually formed. Finally, oral pretreatment of up to 100 mg of alpha-tocopherol/kg body wt had no effect on NMOR elimination.

PMID:
3948320
DOI:
10.1093/carcin/7.3.357
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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