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Am Surg. 1986 Feb;52(2):66-9.

Peritoneal dialysis in infants and children.


Pediatric renal failure patients can be restored to health with peritoneal dialysis more easily, more comfortably, and more safely than with hemodialysis. During the past 3.5 years, we have treated 22 children with either acute (less than 30 days) or chronic (greater than 30 days) peritoneal dialysis (PD) at Henrietta Egleston Hospital for Children. They ranged in age from 2 weeks to 15 1/6 years, mean 5.2 years. The indications for acute dialysis were renal failure following cardiac surgery (4); hemolytic-uremic syndrome (4); and renal failure associated with bromide intoxication (1), congenital urethral stricture (1), or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (1). Chronic dialysis was utilized for end-stage renal disease caused by glomerulonephritis (5), chronic infection (2), hemolytic-uremic syndrome (1), cystinosis (1), congenital renal artery stenosis (1), and unknown etiology (1). Thirty-four adult or pediatric Tenckhoff catheters were utilized to deliver PD for from 6 to 551 days (18 months). Pediatric Tenckhoff catheters must be pre-measured in order to have the Dacron cuffs glued to the appropriate position on the catheter (7-12 cm from the end) to fit the child. There were seven catheter-related infections in four patients; three required catheter revision and four were treated medically. There were eight catheter-related mechanical problems, all of which required re-operation. All of those on chronic PD and seven of those on acute PD survived for an overall survival of 82 per cent. All surviving patients have been restored to health either by recovery of renal function (6 patients), renal transplantation (8 patients), or maintenance of chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (4 patients).

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