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Proc Soc Exp Biol Med. 1986 Mar;181(3):443-9.

Iodoprotein formation by rat mammary glands during pregnancy and early postpartum period.


Iodide organification by rat mammary glands was studied during the trimesters of pregnancy and early postpartum period. Organification was followed by measuring trichloroacetic acid (TCA) precipitation of delipidated tissue homogenates. The radiolabeled material was sensitive to proteolytic cleavage by a bacterial protease indicating that the 125I was protein-bound. Gel filtration column chromatography in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) of delipidated mammary tissue homogenates of pregnant and postpartum rats reproducibly resolved several iodoproteins from free iodide. The Kav value for each iodoprotein peak was calculated and was used to estimate each subunit molecular weight which averaged 37,500, 25,100, and 8500. Another iodoprotein with a very large subunit molecular weight of greater than 300,000 was also detected in mammary tissue. Incorporation of 125I-iodide into the three smaller iodoproteins increased logarithmically from the start of the second trimester of pregnancy through the early postpartum period when approximately 20% of the total 125I uptake by mammary tissue was incorporated into protein. Hyperplasia, acinar development, and intracytoplasmic vacuolization of mammary tissue correlated with the increased incorporation of 125I-iodide into these iodoproteins. The characterization and quantitation of specific iodoproteins in mammary tissue may be important as organification of iodide is believed to be a marker for normal hormone-responsive cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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