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Am J Clin Nutr. 1986 Jan;43(1):7-15.

Effects of vitamin B6 intake on nutriture and growth of young infants.


Vitamin B6 is critical to normal development; however, the requirement for adequate nutriture of the human infant is based on limited experimental data. In this study vitamin B6 intakes of breast-fed (BF) and formula-fed (FF), healthy, term infants were related to levels of pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) in their plasma at 1, 2, 4, and 6 mo of age. Mothers of BF infants were supplemented with either 2.5 or 15.0 mg pyridoxine . hydrochloride (PN . HCl)/d. Growth was similar for FF and BF infants and was within normal ranges over the 6 mo period. Plasma PLP in cord blood was similar in BF and FF infants; however, at 1-5 d of age and at each subsequent age studied, levels of plasma PLP were significantly higher in FF infants than in BF. Lowest PLP values were for BF infants of mothers who received 2.5 mg PN . HCl/d. Mean plasma PLP decreased with age and was not correlated to vitamin B6 intakes except at 1 mo of age. At this age, vitamin B6 intake of BF infants whose mothers received 2.5 mg PN . HCl/d was only 0.1 mg B6/d. The consequences of this are uncertain; however, plasma PLP levels of the infants were low and reflected their intakes of vitamin B6.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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