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Clinical pharmacokinetic study of 5-FU in continuous 5-day infusions for head and neck cancer.

Abstract

Twenty-nine previously untreated patients with head and neck carcinoma received a total of 63 cycles of an initial chemotherapy protocol combining cis-platinum (100 mg/m2 on day 1) and continuous 5-day infusion of 5-FU (1000 mg/m2/24 h) from day 2 to day 6. This protocol was repeated on day 16 and day 31. Two daily blood samples obtained from all patients every day during 5-FU administration were analyzed by HPLC to determine the 5-FU concentrations. In the majority of cases a constant elevation was observed in total 5-FU cycle exposure (C X T) from cycle to cycle. A close relationship was demonstrated between elevated 5-FU C X T values (over 30 000 ng h ml-1) and the frequency of cycles in which signs of toxicity (myelosuppression, mucositis, diarrhea) were observed. By contrast, no obvious association was noted between response to treatment and systemic 5-FU exposure.

PMID:
3940221
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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