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J Biochem. 1985 Sep;98(3):723-33.

Identity of long-chain acyl-coenzyme A synthetase of microsomes, mitochondria, and peroxisomes in rat liver.


The identity of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase in microsomes, mitochondria, and peroxisomes of rat liver was examined by using the antibody raised against a purified preparation of the microsomal enzyme. The enzyme activities of these three organelles and the purified microsomal enzyme were titrated by the antibody in a very similar fashion when the activity was measured in terms of palmitoyl-CoA synthetase activity. It was shown by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of the immunoprecipitates and by Western blot analysis that the enzymes of all three organelles consisted of a polypeptide with the same molecular weight as that of the purified enzyme, and that the specific enzyme activity of the antigenic protein in all three subcellular compartments was nearly the same. The presence of other palmitoyl-CoA synthetase activity in these organelles could not be confirmed. Immunocytochemical study to locate the antigenic site with protein A-gold complex showed that the gold particles were closely associated with the membranes of these organelles. The cell-free translation product in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate protein-synthesizing system and the subunit of the mature enzyme labeled with [35S]methionine in the liver slices exhibited the same mobility as the subunit of the purified enzyme on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The enzyme in microsomes, mitochondria, and peroxisomes was labeled at nearly the same rate when the liver slices were incubated with [35S]methionine.

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