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Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1985 Sep;366(9):887-91.

Molecular forms of GM2-activator protein. A study on its biosynthesis in human skin fibroblasts.


The biosynthesis and secretion of lysosomal GM2-activator was studied in fibroblasts from controls and patients of GM2 gangliosidosis metabolically labelled with [3H]-leucine. Immunoprecipitation was performed with affinity-purified antibodies to human kidney GM2-activator protein. Normal fibroblasts and fibroblasts of variant B and O of GM2 gangliosidosis secrete GM2-activator protein as a 24-kDa polypeptide, which is able to stimulate degradation of ganglioside GM2 by beta-hexosaminidase A in the in vitro assay. In the presence of 10mM NH4Cl the rate of secretion is twice as high as in normal fibroblasts. Intracellularly, GM2-activator protein is represented in these cell lines by polypeptides with apparent molecular masses ranging from 21 kDa-22.5 kDa. Under the same labelling conditions, in two cell lines of patients with variant AB of infantile GM2 gangliosidosis intracellularly only traces of GM2-activator were detectable, whereas significant amounts of polypeptides with molecular masses between 25 and 26.5 kDa could be precipitated from the media of these fibroblasts.

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