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Arzneimittelforschung. 1985;35(7):1108-16.

Control of cell division by aphidicolin without adverse effects upon resting cells.

Abstract

Aphidicolin, a tetracyclic diterpenoid obtained from the culture filtrates of Cephalosporium aphidicola and other fungi, inhibits the growth of eukaryotic cells and of certain animal viruses (SV40, Herpes and Vaccinia viruses) by selectively inhibiting the cellular replicative DNA polymerase alpha or the viral-induced DNA polymerases. The arrest of cellular or viral growth is thus due to inhibition of cellular or viral replicative DNA synthesis without interference with mitochondrial DNA synthesis, RNA, protein and nucleic acid precursors synthesis or other major metabolic pathways. The inhibition of all sensitive eukaryotic DNA polymerases by aphidicolin is competitive with respect to dCTP. Aphidicolin has thus proved extremely useful in elucidating the functional role of DNA polymerase alpha in nuclear DNA replication, of DNA polymerase gamma in mitochondrial DNA synthesis and both DNA polymerases beta and alpha in DNA repair synthesis. An important laboratory application of aphidicolin is the synchronization of the cell cycle of eukaryotic cells both in culture and in vivo. The properties of aphidicolin have recently aroused considerable interest for its possible exploitation in al practice. The mechanism of action of this drug suggests in fact that it may be useful for controlling excessive cell proliferation in patients with cancer, psoriasis or other dermatitis with little or no adverse effect upon non-multiplying cells. Interestingly, when administered to mice, the highest levels of aphidicolin are found in those tissues most actively proliferating with little or no aphidicolin present in neurons or myocardial cells.

PMID:
3931652
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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