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Gastroenterology. 1985 Nov;89(5):1162-88.

Prostaglandins and the gastrointestinal mucosa: are they important in its function, disease, or treatment?


In 1971 interest in the role of prostaglandins in the gastrointestinal tract was stimulated by the publication of two hypotheses--that aspirin damaged the gastric mucosa by inhibiting prostaglandin synthesis (1) and that cholera toxin caused diarrhea by stimulating it (2). Subsequent research into the gastrointestinal actions of prostaglandins has been considerable and now impinges on clinical practice. This paper reviews the involvement of prostaglandins and related compounds in mucosal protection, in ulcer healing, in diarrhea, and in gastrointestinal inflammation, with particular reference to the growing body of human data.

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