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Int J Artif Organs. 1985 May;8(3):165-8.

Efficacy of discontinuous flow centrifugation compared with cascade filtration in Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia: a pilot study.


In the treatment of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) and lipoprotein or immune complex mediated diseases, centrifugal and membrane plasma separation systems have been successfully employed over the past years. More recently, semiselective double filtration systems have been used in isolated cases. While it is hoped that cascade filtration (CF) will soon become a routine technique, a note of caution came from some investigators because of the lack of any evidence that CF does really deplete patients' plasma of known pathogenic macromolecules. The aim of this study was to test the efficacy of CF in the removal of IgM paraproteins in comparison with discontinuous flow centrifugation (DFC). Eight patients were treated by DFC and seven by CF; there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of sex, age, clinical severity and IgM plasma concentration. After DFC or CF sessions, IgM concentration diminished by 50% and plasma viscosity by 60%, producing a comparable mean reduction in patients' clinical severity. Our in vivo results thus preliminarily answer the question whether CF is capable of removing known pathogenic macromolecules from patients' plasma, and the technique appears to warrant further investigations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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