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Am J Med. 1985 Jun 28;78(6B):3-7.

Nosocomial infections, diagnosis-related groups, and study on the efficacy of nosocomial infection control. Economic implications for hospitals under the prospective payment system.


It is obvious that escalating costs of medical care must be curbed. Fortunately, since the major proportion of health care costs relate to inpatient management, the diagnosis-related group "experiment" forces the medical community to examine carefully the costs of the specific components of health care delivery. One such item is the cost of nosocomial infections. With respect to the potential importance of hospital-acquired infections and reimbursement under the diagnosis-related group system, several points should be underscored. Nosocomial infections represent a direct economic liability of $5 to $10 billion annually in the United States. Under the new diagnosis-related group reimbursement system, it is probable that very little of the costs related to excess stay resulting from infections will be reimbursed to hospitals. For the first time, there are data indicating that as much as one third of hospital-acquired infections can be prevented by implementing effective infection control programs. The currently available information suggests that under the existing diagnosis-related group reimbursement system, hospitals with effective infection control programs can significantly improve their economic position.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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