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Life Sci. 1985 Jun 10;36(23):2257-62.

The mechanism of action of cyproheptadine on prolactin release by cultured anterior pituitary cells.


The role of a direct effect of serotonin (5-HT) on PRL secretion at the pituitary level is uncertain. The present study investigated the mechanism of action of the serotonin receptor-blocking agent cyproheptadine on PRL release by normal cultured rat anterior pituitary cells. Cyproheptadine (10 nM-10 microM) and its metabolite desmethylcyproheptadine (a compound which has lost its affinity for serotonin receptors) directly inhibited PRL release, while serotonin, investigated over a wide concentration range, did not reverse this inhibition. The cyproheptadine-mediated inhibition of PRL-release could be completely prevented by 50 microM verapamil. Cyproheptadine strongly inhibited TRH-induced PRL release in the absence, but not in the presence of verapamil. Our studies suggest that cyproheptadine inhibits PRL release at the pituitary level by a blockade of calcium influx at the cell membrane, without affecting the movement of Ca2+ between intracellular compartments.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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