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J Neurochem. 1985 Jun;44(6):1838-44.

Halothane-induced alterations of glucose and pyruvate metabolism in rat cerebra synaptosomes.


Synaptosomes isolated from rat cerebra were used to study the effects of the inhalational anesthetic, halothane, on cholinergic processes. To identify possible mechanisms responsible for the depression of acetylcholine synthesis, we examined the effects of halothane on precursor metabolite metabolism involved with supplying the cytosol with acetyl-CoA for acetylcholine synthesis. Three percent halothane/air (vol/vol) depressed 14CO2 evolution from labeled pyruvate and glucose. Steady-state 14CO2 evolution from [1-14C]glucose was depressed 84% by halothane, while 14CO2 evolution from [6-14C]glucose and [3,4-14C]glucose was decreased 67 and 52%, respectively, when compared with control conditions. Halothane inhibited the activities of both pyruvate dehydrogenase (14% depression) and ATP-citrate lyase (32% depression). Total synaptosomal acetyl-CoA concentrations were unaffected by halothane. Three percent halothane/air (vol/vol) caused a 77% increase in medium glucose depletion rate from 1.38 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1 to 2.44 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1. Production of lactate by the synaptosomes in the presence of halothane increased by 231% from a control rate of 1.44 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1 to 4.77 nmol (mg protein)-1 min-1. Lactate production rate from pyruvate was also enhanced by 56% in the presence of halothane. These data lend support to the concept that the NAD+/NADH potential may be involved in the halothane-induced depression of acetylcholine synthesis.

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