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Mol Cell Biol. 1985 Sep;5(9):2466-75.

Properties of REP3: a cis-acting locus required for stable propagation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae plasmid 2 microns circle.


Stable propagation of the yeast plasmid 2 microns requires an origin of replication, a cis-active locus designated REP3, and two plasmid-encoded proteins which are the products of the REP1 and REP2 genes. The three REP loci appear to constitute a partitioning system, ensuring equal distribution of plasmid molecules to mother and daughter cells after mitosis. We have localized the REP3 site completely within a segment of five-and-one-half direct tandem repeats of a 62-base-pair unit, bordered by HpaI and AvaI restriction sites within the large unique region of the 2 microns genome. In addition, we find that the repeated elements are functionally distinct. Only a subset of the repeats is necessary to promote full partitioning activity. The other repeats appear to promote plasmid transcription. These results are discussed in the context of a model of plasmid copy control involving titration of a plasmid-specific protein by the repeated elements within REP3.

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