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Parasite Immunol. 1985 Nov;7(6):595-606.

Protective immunity to malaria: studies with cloned lines of Plasmodium chabaudi and P. berghei in CBA/Ca mice. I. The effectiveness and inter- and intra-species specificity of immunity induced by infection.

Abstract

CBA/Ca mice were immunized by infection with cloned lines of Plasmodium berghei (isolates ANKA, KSP-11). Plasmodium chabaudi chabaudi (AS, CB) or Plasmodium chabaudi adami (DS) and then challenged with either homologous or heterologous parasites. Protective responses were assessed in immune mice relative to the controls by their ability to (i) extend the time taken for the mean parasitaemia to reach a predetermined level (1% or 0.1%) (ii) reduce peak parasitaemia (iii) resolve the parasitaemia sooner and/or (iv) control or eliminate recrudescences. At both the inter- and intra-species level, immunity appeared largely specific for the cloned line inducing it. At the interspecies level marginally effective cross-immunity was sometimes evident, thus P. berghei KSP-11 immune mice displayed some immunity against P.c. chabaudi AS, although immunity to this parasite was relatively ineffective against P. berghei ANKA or KSP-11. Cross-immunity was more apparent between the subspecies P.c. adami and P.c. chabaudi and between cloned lines of the latter parasite derived from the AS and CB isolates. These data reflect considerable inter- and intra-species structural and immunogenic differences in certain antigens of parasitized erythrocytes and merozoites, which have been identified in a number of murine malarias and associated with protective immunity. Similar differences recently identified in the equivalent antigens of the human parasite P. falciparum may therefore have important implications for protective immunity in man.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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