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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1985 Dec 18;826(4):167-73.

Translocation of nucleolar phosphoprotein B23 (37 kDa/pI 5.1) induced by selective inhibitors of ribosome synthesis.


To elucidate the possible role of nucleolar phosphoprotein B23 in ribosome synthesis, drugs which inhibit the processing of ribosomal RNA were employed. After treatment with actinomycin D, toyocamycin or high doses of alpha-amanitin, a uniform nucleoplasmic fluorescence was observed. Low doses of alpha-amanitin and the protein synthesis inhibitor puromycin and cycloheximide had no effect on protein B23 translocation. By ELISA immunoassay, there was a 60% decrease in the amount of protein B23 in the nucleoli of the actinomycin D-treated cells as compared with the control nucleoli. Conversely, the amount of protein B23 in the nucleoplasm (excluding nucleoli) was 3-fold higher in the actinomycin D-treated cells. Preribosomal ribonucleoprotein particles (pre-rRNPs) were extracted from isolated nucleoli of Novikoff hepatoma ascites cells and fractionated on sucrose density gradients. Protein B23 was found co-localized with the pre-rRNPs as determined by ELISA assays which agrees with previous studies. The proteins in these 80 S and 55 S pre-ribosomal ribonucleoprotein particles were fractionated by 10% gel electrophoresis. Immunoblots showed protein B23 was present in both pre-rRNPs.

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