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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1985 Dec 4;837(3):336-43.

Multiple functions for sterols in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.


Analyses with a yeast sterol auxotroph indicated that there are at least four different levels of function for sterol which have been designated sparking, critical domain, domain and bulk. Growth of yeast sterol auxotrophs on cholestanol is precluded unless minute amounts of ergosterol are available. We have designated this phenomenon the sparking of growth, in which cholestanol satisfies an overall membrane sterol requirement and ergosterol fulfills a high specificity sparking function. The critical domain role for sterol is observed under conditions of lanosterol supplementation where low levels of ergosterol (10-times those necessary for sparking on cholestanol) are required for growth. The sterol functions designated domain and bulk are illustrated by assessing cellular free sterol levels and plasma membrane properties of a sterol auxotroph after growth on different concentrations of exogenously supplied sterol. Plasma membranes isolated from auxotrophs grown on domain or bulk levels of sterol underwent no lipid thermotropic transitions, while plasma membranes from cells grown on critical domain levels of sterol underwent a lipid thermotropic transition, when analyzed by steady-state fluorescence anisotropy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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