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Neuroscience. 1985 Aug;15(4):1149-57.

Pancreatic polypeptide immunoreactivity in rat brain is actually neuropeptide Y.


Radioimmunoassay was combined with high pressure liquid chromatography and immunohistochemistry to establish the identity of pancreatic polypeptide-like immunoreactive material in the central nervous system of the rat. Antisera to avian pancreatic polypeptide, bovine pancreatic polypeptide, the invariant amidated carboxyterminal hexapeptide fragment of mammalian pancreatic polypeptides and the structurally related peptide, neuropeptide Y, were used immunocytochemically to localize neurons containing immunoreactive pancreatic polypeptide-like material in rat brain. Adjacent brain sections stained by the indirect immunofluorescent technique and single sections from double-staining experiments demonstrated that identical fibers and perikarya stained for pancreatic polypeptide-like immunoreactive material by antisera directed against each of the four peptides. Characterization of pancreatic polypeptide-like immunoreactive material in chromatographed rat brain extracts by radioimmunoassay using antisera to either neuropeptide Y or the carboxy-terminal portion of the pancreatic polypeptide molecule revealed that the major peak of immunoreactive material, as measured by either assay, appeared to co-elute with synthetic porcine neuropeptide Y. A minor peak of immunoreactive material co-eluting with peptide YY standard was indicated by the neuropeptide Y radioimmunoassay. This was contrasted by data obtained from chromatographic profiles of rat pancreas, which showed that the main immunoreactive peak, as measured by the neuropeptide Y assay, co-eluted with porcine peptide YY, with a minor peak co-eluting with porcine neuropeptide Y. The main peak of immunoreactive material in pancreas, as measured by the pancreatic polypeptide carboxy-terminal radioimmunoassay, eluted considerably earlier than standard peptide YY, neuropeptide Y and bovine pancreatic polypeptide, and is probably identical to rat pancreatic polypeptide.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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